Thread Terminology


Mouse-over a letter for terminology.

Full Diameter Undersized Shank Pitch Major Diameter Minor Diameter Pitch Diameter Thread Angle


LEAD: The distance a screw thread advances axially in one turn.

CUT THREAD: Threads are cut or chased; the unthreaded portion of shank will be equal to major diameter of thread.

ROLLED THREAD: Threads are cold formed by squeezing the blank between reciprocating serrated dies. This acts to increase the major diameter of the thread over and above the diameter of unthreaded shank (if any), unless an extruded blank is used.

Classes of thread are distinguished from each other by the amounts of tolerance and allowance specified. External threads or bolts are designated with the suffix "A"; internal or nut threads with "B".

CLASSES 1A and 1B: For work of rough commercial quality where loose fit for spin-on-assembly is desirable.

CLASSES 2A and 2B: The recognized standard for normal production of the great bulk of commercial bolts, nuts and screws.

CLASSES 3A and 3B: Used where a closed fit between mating parts for high quality work is required.

CLASS 4: A theoretical rather than practical class, now obsolete.

CLASS 5: For a wrench fit. Used principally for studs and their mating tapped holes. A force fit requiring the application of high torque for semi-permanent assembly.